Great Plains Toad Anaxyrus cognatus

Description: 3 - 4 inches. Great plains toads vary in color from brown, green, or gray, with large dark blotches on the back. The belly is plain white, but may occasionally have some spots. There are two large glands on the back of the head (parotoid glands) that touch the ends of the end of the small ridge behind each eye (cranial crests). The cranial crests meet in front of the eyes to form a point.

Similar Species: Canadian toads have dark spots or speckles on the belly.

Comments: Great plains toads occur statewide and may be found far from water.

Distribution Map
Distribution of the Great Plains Toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)

County level distribution of this species in North Dakota. Map generated from data collected from voucher specimens and photographic records.

Phenology of Great Plains Toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)